Male Sterilization (Vasectomy)
Vasectomy is a form of birth control for men. It involves cutting and sealing the vas deferens tubes that transport sperm from the testes into the semen. It is a straightforward, relatively safe way to prevent pregnancy.
Vasectomy is done in a doctor’s office or surgical center under local anesthesia. The area is numbed with a local anesthetic, and either an incision or small puncture (called “no-scalpel vasectomy”) is made on each side of the scrotum or a single opening in the mid scrotom. A piece of the vas deferens is pulled out through the incision or puncture, cut, then cauterized. The incision is then stitched up. Stitching may not be necessary with the no-scalpel technique.
While vasectomies can be reversed in some cases, the odds are not favorable, so vasectomy should be considered a permanent form of birth control.