Testicular and Scrotal Disorders
Testicular trauma. In most cases the testicles are well-protected enough to withstand trauma, but if a testicle ruptures, it may need to be surgically removed.
Epididymitis. This inflammation of the epididymis, which connects the testicle to the vas deferens, can be caused by infection or trauma most commonly. It is treated with antibiotics and anti-inflamatory medications. If left untreated, epididymitis can cause fertility problems.
Hypogonadism. The testes manufacture testosterone, and a problem with them can result in too little testosterone being produced. Hormone replacement therapy can help in some cases.
Testicular cancer. This type of cancer is rare and often curable with surgery and sometimes radiation or chemotherapy.