Many abdominal surgeries performed today can be done laparoscopically. Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally-invasive technique whereby several small incisions are made in the abdomen rather than one large incision (as in open surgery). The abdomen is inflated with gas, and long, thin laparoscopy tools are inserted into the holes, or ports, including a scope with a camera. Using a video feed provided by the camera, the surgeon is able to see inside the abdomen as he or she performs the surgery. Laparoscopy has been used successfully for decades to perform surgeries such as gall bladder surgery, gynecological and urologic surgery, appendectomy, and much more. It has many advantages, including less pain, less bleeding, shorter hospital stay, quicker recovery, less chance of infection, and less scarring. The risks of laparoscopy are similar to those associated with traditional open surgery.
More recently, laparoscopy has been taken to the next level with minimally-invasive robotic surgery. During robotic surgery, more advanced imaging and surgical tools are used so that surgeons can perform complicated surgeries in a minimally-invasive fashion.